Do-It-Yourself Brick Fire Pit Designs

Installing a brick fire pit is a do-it-yourself endeavor that provides a landscaping feature and social place to your home. Bricks and stones can be found in various sizes, colours, shapes and prices. Choose the brick option and fire pit design which goes best with your landscape and style.

Stone Pavers

Stone paver bricks are ideal as the main construction for the fire pit due to their size. These bricks have a small curve which will create a round fire pit design. Stone pavers are large so less manual and bricks work is required to construct a fire hole. Set the first ring of pavers about 12 inches below the ground to place the structure set up. Stagger the pavers in a “brick function” style; each layer ought to be set so that the borders don’t line up to increase the strength of their fireplace wall. Use a masonry glue between the individual scoop and each layer to hold the bricks in place so there is not any risk of them sliding or falling over.

Modest Brick

Standard clay brick is another option for the fire hole structure. This brick style is smaller and requires more bricks and labor to construct the outside wall of the pit. Small bricks can be found in a rectangle or with a small curve shape, so you can construct either a square, rectangle or curved fireplace. Set this brick wall 6 to 12 inches beneath the floor and secure them in position with brick mortar, instead of masonry adhesive. Laying bricks is not a easy job and might require that you hire a masonry expert to construct the outside wall of the fireplace. The finished layout with these bricks is similar to a brick wall.

Natural Stone

Organic stone or flagstone is best to cap off the cover of the fire pit design. These stones and rock are often flat and large, which produces a ledge across the top of the fireplace. Organic stone works well with the broad paver brick construction, but could also accent a small brick layout. Secure the stone in position with masonry glue between the brick and stone layers. Add another layout element into the flame pit by installing these flat organic stones at the ground across the bottom of the hole.

Internal Construction

Placing a metal ring inside the brick fire pit protects the brick from the burning place. Build the fire pit across the exterior of the metallic ring so there’s a 2- to 3-inch gap between the ring and the brick construction. Fill the gap with pea gravel to provide support and insulation between the hot metallic ring and decorative brick wall. You can also put in a 3- to 4-inch layer of pea gravel into the bottom of the fire pit to help prevent water build up inside the construction.

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The way to Remodel Solid Slab Cabinet Doors

Solid-slab doors are just what the name suggests. They’re a single flat piece of wood, typically with very little or no adornment. They may be laminated hardwood, or even a single bit of medium-density-hardboard or plywood. They’ve a nice, tidy look, but after a few years might have become dull. There are several methods to spice them up with basic tools.

Route a Design

One very common way to remodel a door is to track a design in the front. All you need is a routing jig and hand router. This jig opens and closes on the face of the doorway to steer the router. Stretch it open, drop it above the doorway and tighten it. You may then install block or curvy shaped corners into the jig. Pick a type of fluted cutting bit, and install it in just about any hand router. Set the depth to cut about 3/16 inch heavy, and also run the router around the inside perimeter of the doorway, using the guide to get it direct and consistent. This remodel project ends in a pattern cut into the face of the doorway.

Trim the Edges

Some slab doors have an angle cut on them. Use a table saw to trim the edges of the door off square. Insert a profiled edge by choosing a profiled router bit with a bearing at the bottom. By deciding on a router bit with a posture, you do not need a guide because the little bit employs the posture to stabilize it. However, if you choose a bit without a posture, you may add a small guide to the router base to achieve the identical thing. Run the bit around the doorway by means of a hand router. This type of remodel will bring about a carved or curved edge that’s attractive and shows more craftsmanship than a straight, square edge along with a beveled edge.


Another very simple way to dress up a door is to add an overlay molding. Consider having a 3/8-by-1/2 inch bullnose molding on the front. This type of decorative molding includes a flat bottom, but is curved on top. Miter four bits to form a rectangle, 2 inches from the outside perimeter of the doorway. After you get all the mitered corners to fit how you like with tight corners, glue each bit and pin nail it to the front of the doorway to produce a raised-molding look to the slab door. This layout is used frequently to provide slab doors a more complicated look that’s aesthetically pleasing.


One of the more prevalent slab door layouts is made up of nothing more than saw cuts into the face of the doorway. This layout was extremely popular during the ’60s and still looks great today. To accomplish this, specify a saw blade to cut just 1/8 inch heavy. Pass the doorway above the blade in regular intervals at approximately 1 1/2 inches apart across the front of the doorway. This normal kerf mark gives the door a grid layout that’s tough to miss. Keep the grid pattern down the drawer fronts to provide the doors a regal look. The stain will then sink into the kerfs and emphasize the doorway even more.

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The Rights of Landlords to Refuse Rental Agreements

As a landlord, you will need to be fully versed in your rights to deny an applicant according to his background check, credit references and history. Compliance with federal and state law should be your top priority. Federal and state law prohibit discrimination based on race, ethnicity, faith and medial conditions. As long as you apply fair standards throughout the board, then you can deny a lease agreement to any applicant who does not satisfy your criteria.

Right of Refusal

As a private citizen running a business, you have the right to deny tenancy to any applicant who fails to meet your requirements based on income, credit, background checks and references. The only standard you must abide by is to apply your tenancy requirements equally across the board. As an example, you cannot set forth income or financial standards for married renters and different standards for two renters living collectively in the unit. Keep your acceptance policies uniform across the board and you’ll be able to deny unqualified candidates depending on your tenant standards.

Adverse Action Notice

Landlords often utilize tenant screening solutions to assess backgrounds of potential tenants. If you deny an applicant based on information employed at a tenant screening report, credit report, or reference-checking service, you must send the applicant an Adverse Action Notice under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). The Adverse Action Notice must state the reason for the denial, in addition to the credit reporting bureau used and its contact info.


Failure to issue the Adverse Action Notice places you at risk. The denied applicant could file a lawsuit in federal court based on your non-compliance with the FCRA. The applicant could potentially receive compensation, court costs and reasonable legal fees. If the applicant can prove you intentionally failed to comply with the FCRA, he also could seek punitive damages from the court.

Unlawful Discrimination

You cannot discriminate against a tenant applicant dependent on the colour of the skin, the contour of the face, faith, sexual orientation, marital status, source of income or medical impairment. A full listing of illustrations is supplied under the Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA), code section 12900 et seq.. The FEHA prohibits unlawful discrimination and gives legal remedies for the wronged party to pursue in court.

Record a Complaint

A denied applicant can file a complaint under the FEHA together with the California Department of Fair Employment and Housing (DFEH). The DFEH uses an administrative procedure to research the applicant’s complaint. If a settlement cannot be reached, the DFEH takes you to appear before an administrative hearing or civil trial to find out if a violation of the FEHA happened. The denied applicant alternatively can file a lawsuit and take you to court for unlawful discrimination.

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Tips for Redecorating Using Tin on Walls

Tin provides an ideal wall covering for a modern, eclectic or glowing room or a converted industrial loft. The low-toxicity metal corrodes slowly and comes in conventional corrugated sheets as well as embossed tin tiles, materials made for ceilings and barn siding, not interior wall decor. The surprising use of tin on your walls, in the few selected objects to panels of artisan-worked tin, may change the nature of a space.

Wall Cover

Secure embossed tin ceiling tiles on the other side of the bed to make a one-of-a-kind headboard of shiny brand new tile or weathered and distressed old tile. In a dining room or kitchen, cover an accent wall with metal barn siding made of corrugated tin. Wrap the lower half of the toilet walls in corrugated tin, like wainscoting. Fasten corrugated tin to rec room walls behind the bar or pool table. Paint another walls in an intense hue — a bottle green or cinnabar red — and also hang reproduction antique tin signs over the painted walls.

Rustic Backsplash

Do not place the pressed tin tiles on the ground, use them as a backsplash in your kitchen behind the stove or under the cabinets. A tin backsplash between the stove top and also the range hood is simple to wipe down and complements a reproduction period or stainless stove. Used as a countertop backsplash, tin tiles include interest and unexpected pastoral appeal — because tin is typically a ceiling cap, its use on walls is eye-catching. Seal the tin to preserve its shine if new or prevent additional deterioration if it is aged and beginning to rust. Leave it uncoated for organic dulling — tin is water-resistant and also corrodes and rusts quite gradually. (see reference 1)

Punched Tin

Punched tin panels, framed to stand out from the wall, become ambient lighting when you stretch strings of holiday lights back and forth behind the tin so the illumination shines through the holes. Panels of punched tin create old-fashioned decorative inserts in kitchen cabinets or within shutter frames opened back against the walls as kitchen decor. Punched tin is a folk art form and glazed panels, old lanterns, antique tin graters and colanders might be hung in classes on a wall, just as you’d display a collection of paintings or framed photographs.

The Artwork of Salvage

Treat salvaged pressed tin tiles like found art. Collect a number of distressed tin tiles from architectural salvage depots — cracked painted tiles, rusted tiles, different patterns and paint colors. Hang four to six of them in a symmetrical grid to a dining area wall or stagger them, 1 tile at a time, up a stairwell. Do not frame the pressed tin — which appear is too valuable. Utilize the natural border of the tile as its frame; a square will be a self centered wall hanging once you glue a picture hanger or hook on the back with industrial-strength glue. (see reference 1)

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The Best Paint Color for a Red Glossy Front Door

When you’re choosing the ideal paint colour for a glossy red front door, you need to consider the numerous variants, shades, tints and tones of crimson. Subtle changes in colours can make a difference on how they appear when applied on the exterior of the house. And that which looks good in the can or on the paint chip might not work so well once painted onto the door, as the paint changes its colour when added to your surface and the light dances across it. Color and paint specialists have their own notions as to the most effective glossy crimson for the front door.

Feng Shui Red

In the tradition of feng shui, the leading door represents the door to riches. The life force energy known in the clinic is called “chi,” which enters through this mouth to the house. In feng shui, red attracts wealth and a fantastic reputation. A feng shui glossy cardinal red front door produces a dynamic entry to the house which affects everything that flows through this portalsite. As a warm shade, a cardinal red sleek front door attracts and attracts guests to your house.

Color Expert Red

Canadian shade pro Maria Killam — at her list of the top 10 best front door colours — says that front doors should exhibit bold and dramatic accent colours. She believes that the shade of the front door should remain alone, and it shouldn’t be found elsewhere around the home’s exterior, though she does agree to some exceptions to this rule. Her color option for the ideal crimson is earthenware crimson, a warm earthy color taken from clay tiles and pots.

Designer Red

Well-known Maine interior designer Mallory Marshall prefers a Moroccan crimson for the front door into your home. This cinnabar red has slight umber and orange undertones for it, which she explains as “the shade of aged Chinese lacquer and good paprika along with the pollen in a lily.” The interior designer implies covering the door using a tinted primer and three coats of high-gloss paint, giving it “thickness” to make it “so thick and shiny, it seems like it.”

Painter’s Red

The color red certainly adds punch to the front door, however if its shade, tint or undertone protrudes through the shade, it may not have the impact you desire. In fact, the wrong red may spell disaster for your front door if it lends itself to extreme pink or orange undertones. A high-gloss barn crimson painted door strikes a balance which welcomes and engages those that approach your property. It functions nicely contrasted against the stately white expanse of a Colonial-type home. Some home painters will mix custom colours that will assist you attain the ideal red on the front door.

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What Happens Fits a Stihl 290?

Stihl’s MS 290 Farm Boss chainsaw model has a 20-inch guide bar and chain. Chain specifications are published showing which chains match the bar. The most important measurements are pitch, and that’s how far connections are on assess, and the series, which describes the width of drive links that fit into the guide bar. Another dimension is that the number of drive links on this series.

Selecting a Chain

The pitch dimension for an MS 290 chainsaw is either 0.325 inch or 3/8 inch if Stihl’s reduced kickback guide bar is used. From the chainsaw’s owner’s guide, Stihl recommends utilizing Stihl’s low kickback chain with a 0.325-inch pitch and also the Rapid-Super C3 or Rapid-Micro C3 chain with a 3/8-inch pitch. Measure dimension must match the bar groove thickness. The most common indicator is 0.050 inch. The number of drive links generally is not listed in the operator’s manual or on the chainsaw needs to be relied upon a string of the chainsaw.

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Flood Insurance: The Criteria for Getting It

A typical homeowners policy doesn’t account for a few natural disasters, such as flooding, that can damage or destroy a home. For homeowners who need protection from flooding, their only solution is to buy flood insurance sponsored by the federal authorities. A number of criteria exist which determine whether homeowners should have flood insurance.

Where You Live

You are required to buy flood insurance if you reside in an area designated as a Special Flood Hazard Area from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and you have a mortgage on your home. If you don’t have a lien against your home, you are not required to purchase a policy, even if you reside in an SFHA. According to FEMA, the SFHA is also referred to as a 100-year flood plain. This usually means the area has a one-percent prospect of being flooded each year.

Your House’s History

Regions that suffer significant flooding might be designated as federal disaster areas, which allows the authorities to provide financial relief if your home suffered harm as a result of the flood. If you take this fiscal aid, you must then carry a federal flood insurance coverage on your home as long as you live there. If you sell the home, the government requires you to tell the new owners about the property’s history along with the flood insurance requirement.

Your Loan

Since the government requires flood insurance on homes that reside in an SFHA and also have a mortgage, the two creditors backed by the federal authorities and non-government lenders require a flood policy. Non-government lenders require the coverage so their loans adhere to the standards set by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, which are backed by the authorities. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac buy mortgages on the secondary financial market, and will not purchase mortgage loans which don’t adhere to those standards.

Determining Your Flood Zone

FEMA generates Flood Insurance Rate Maps, or FIRMs, which show the designated SFHA areas around the US. Homeowners, insurance suppliers, state catastrophe planning organizations and the federal government all utilize the maps, which are updated frequently by FEMA. The government uses a naming convention to signify levels of flood danger, which will be able to help you determine your house’s SFHA status. FEMA designates SFHA areas with codes which begin with the letter A or V.”V” suggests homes in the SFHA which are also subject to damage from waves made by storms. “A” stands for homes in the SFHA which are not subject to wave damage from storms. Moderate-flood zones are mentioned by the letter B, and low-flood zones are mentioned by the letter C or X.

Moving into an SFHA

FEMA’s FIRM upgrades can sometimes affect whether you have to purchase flood insurance. If you lived in an area which previously was not in the SFHA and the latest FEMA-updated FIRM places your property in an SFHA, your creditor should document that fact and ask you to buy flood insurance. There’s no waiting period for flood insurance if your SFHA status changes. In case you have not bought a flood insurance coverage by 45 days after being notified of the condition, your creditor has the right to buy a flood insurance coverage of its choice and bill you for it.

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What Does the Mortgage Bank Report to the IRS?

Several expenses are deductible on your income taxation. But the government isn’t going to take your word for it when it comes to reporting those deductions. It will compare the numbers you maintain with the numbers recorded by your mortgage lender.


Your mortgage lender will report to the IRS. If you paid some”points” if you closed your loan, the lending company will report those, too. If your lender requires you to cover mortgage insurance a common practice when a debtor lacks a large down payment — the amount you paid in premiums will be reported to the IRS. Any property taxes the creditor will be reported. All of these are expenses.

Mortgage Interest Record

To report this information, a creditor puts it all in an IRS record, Form 1098. Every creditor must file this form, which can be tagged”Mortgage Interest Statement,” with the IRS for every one of its borrowers every year. The creditor should also provide the borrower with a copy of the form.


If your creditor reimburses you for interest you overpaid in a preceding year, it is going to report that to the IRS on Form 1098, as well. If you claimed a deduction in that year to the interest, you’ll need to reduce the current year’s interest deduction from the quantity of the overpayment. Some creditors pay interest on overpaid monies that they hold inside their own accounts for a while. If your creditor pays more than $10 in interest on the money that you overpaid, it must report the amount to the IRS, too, and you’ll be expected to report it as income in your own taxes.

Claiming Deductions

You must itemize your income tax deductions, to claim deductions to the mortgage-related expenses reported on the IRS by your creditor. Use Schedule A to itemize.


Like most financial institutions, mortgage lenders are required by law to report large cash transactions. Should you use over $10,000 in money — actual U.S. currency — for any payment, such as for escrow, closing costs or loan payments, the notification requirement applies. Such transactions are reported by the creditor . When you are the subject of a Form 8300 filing, by law, you must be notified.

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How Can I Can a VA Short Sale?

If your mortgage is guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs, and you are unable to sell it for the amount you owe on the loan, the VA will allow you to carry out a brief sale, or even a”compromise purchase.” Basic requirements include proof that you are experiencing a hardship that prohibits you from making your mortgage payments and that the home does not have any second liens.

Get in touch with your VA-approved”loss mitigation” lender. It is possible to determine your lender’s standing by checking the list at the VA website. Contact the VA, if your lender is not approved. Let the lender know that you are unable to make your mortgage payments and also will probably be selling the house upon VA approval of a compromise, or even brief, purchase.

Hire a real estate agent with experience handling short sales. Consult your lender for a recommendation or attend open houses and talk with the agent on duty about his experience. Another way to find an agent is to call a local real estate broker and ask to talk with the broker. Request her whom she has on staff experienced either short sales or, ideally, VA compromise earnings.

Consult your agent to compile a market evaluation of the house’s fair market value. With this advice, you can price the home suitably.

Signal the record agreement with the agent and also include a clause that protects you from having to pay a commission should the VA refuse your request for a compromise purchase.

Accept offers to purchase at fair market value only. The VA will not entertain supplies for less. Consult your agent to counter the deal, making it contingent on approval by the VA for a compromise purchase.

Fill out and sign a fiscal statement. You are able to get a financial statement form from your lender or download one at the VA website.

Complete a letter requesting consideration for a compromise purchase plus a compromise agreement sale application. This may be obtained from your lender, if it is VA-approved. Otherwise, obtain these forms from the VA website. Your agent will bundle these records along with the purchase agreement and send them to your lender or into the VA..

Await approval from the VA.. The processing time varies, depending on the area and how backed the lenders and the VA could be.

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The Way to Mortgage Tables & Use Excel

A mortgage table, also called an amortization table or schedule, is a very simple chart that shows the way the mortgage equilibrium varies with time following a collection of payments that are consistent. The table also calculates the monthly payment amount based on the entire mortgage value, the interest rate and the length of the loan. Mortgage tables can be created by you in Excel easily. The program provides financial purposes to figure payments, and the columnar grid allow for effortless arrangement of a payment collection. At the same time that you could plan Excel to create a mortgage table from scratch, many free tables are available on the internet.

Download the”Amortization Schedule for Excel” from Vertex 42 and distributed by CNET. This Excel recorder that is free provides a table arrangement that is formatted and pre-programmed formulas to finish any table. You do not want Excel programming knowledge to turn your table. Since the program includes all of the financial functions to figure your mortgage situation, you don’t need to fully understand the details of the mathematics, either, because they’re all taken care of for you. To use the”Amortization Schedule for Excel,” you simply type in the entire value of the mortgage, the interest rate and the duration or length of the loan. The program takes care of the rest by demonstrating due dates, payment amounts and the effect your interest and payments have on the rest of the mortgage balance with time.

Install official Microsoft templates for Excel that pay charts and mortgage and loan amortization schedules. Microsoft supplies templates of many kinds, at no charge, to Office users. The”Loan Consolidation program template” supplies all the fundamental components of a mortgage table: the amount of each payment, the portion of each payment that reflects interest paid, and the amount of each payment that contributes to paying down the mortgage balance. The template takes advantage of built-in financial functions in Excel to finish all of the calculations for you. Microsoft also supplies the”Loan analysis worksheet,” which displays a table for comparing different mortgage terms. You can observe how monthly payments vary based on small differences in rates of interest.

Download the”Mortgage and Loan Calculator Template for Excel” from Spreadsheets 123. This Excel spreadsheet contains several columns of information so you can control even the most elastic of payment programs on your mortgage. The mortgage includes choices for occasional extra payments. It keeps track of your total payments so far, and also calculates the interest you save by paying over the required amount each month. In addition to these features, it calculates all of the standard mortgage formulas, and shows how each payment contributes to the balance due.

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